Electrifying urban ridesourcing
Ridesourcing fleets (such as Lyft and Uber) present an opportunity for the rapid uptake of battery electric vehicles (BEVs), but adoption has largely been limited to small pilot projects. Lack of charging infrastructure presents a major barrier to scaling up, but little public information exists on the infrastructure needed to support ridesourcing electrification. Emerging Futures, LLC collaborated with researchers at the University of California, Berkeley, University of California, Los Angeles, and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory in simulating BEV fleets using agent-based simulations with data on ridesourcing trips for New York City and San Francisco. In a report just published in Transportation Research Part C, we showed that given a sparse network of three to four 50 kW chargers per square mile, BEVs can provide the same level of service as internal combustion engine vehicles but at lower cost. This suggests that the cost of charging infrastructure is not a significant barrier to ridesourcing electrification. With coordinated use of charging infrastructure across vehicles, we also found that fleet performance becomes robust to variation in battery range and placement of chargers. Our analysis suggests that mandates on ridesourcing such as the California Clean Miles Standard could achieve electrification without significantly increasing the cost of ridesourcing services.
You can download the full report here.